Traditional Chinese Medicine for Neck Pain and Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

PLoS One. 2015;10(2):e0117146

Authors: Yuan QL, Guo TM, Liu L, Sun F, Zhang YG

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) are common symptoms bothering people in daily life. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat various symptoms and diseases in China and has been demonstrated to be effective. The objective of the present study was to review and analyze the existing data about pain and disability in TCM treatments for NP and LBP.

METHODS: Studies were identified by a comprehensive search of databases, such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library, up to September 1, 2013. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCM in managing NP and LBP.

RESULTS: Seventy five randomized controlled trials (n = 11077) were included. Almost all of the studies investigated individuals experiencing chronic NP (CNP) or chronic LBP (CLBP). We found moderate evidence that acupuncture was more effective than sham-acupuncture in reducing pain immediately post-treatment for CNP (visual analogue scale (VAS) 10 cm, mean difference (MD) = -0.58 (-0.94, -0.22), 95% confidence interval, p = 0.01), CLBP (standardized mean difference = -0.47 (-0.77, -0.17), p = 0.003), and acute LBP (VAS 10 cm, MD = -0.99 (-1.24, -0.73), p< 0.001). Cupping could be more effective than waitlist in VAS (100 mm) (MD = -19.10 (-27.61, -10.58), p < 0. 001) for CNP or medications (e.g. NSAID) for CLBP (MD = -5.4 (-8.9, -0.19), p = 0.003). No serious or life-threatening adverse effects were found.

CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture, acupressure, and cupping could be efficacious in treating the pain and disability associated with CNP or CLBP in the immediate term. Gua sha, tai chi, qigong, and Chinese manipulation showed fair effects, but we were unable to draw any definite conclusions, and further research is still needed. The efficacy of tuina and moxibustion is unknown because no direct evidence was obtained. These TCM modalities are relatively safe.

PMID: 25710765 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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Risk of stroke among patients with post-traumatic stress disorder: nationwide longitudinal study.

Br J Psychiatry. 2015 Feb 19;

Authors: Chen MH, Pan TL, Li CT, Lin WC, Chen YS, Lee YC, Tsai SJ, Hsu JW, Huang KL, Tsai CF, Chang WH, Chen TJ, Su TP, Bai YM

Abstract

Background Previous evidence has shown positive associations between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes mellitus, which are all risk factors for stroke, but the role of PTSD in the subsequent development of stroke is still unknown. Aims To investigate the temporal association between PTSD and the development of stroke. Method Identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5217 individuals aged ≥ 18 years, with PTSD but with no history of stroke, and 20 868 age- and gender-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009, and followed up until the end of 2011 to identify the development of stroke. Results Individuals with PTSD had an increased risk of developing any stroke (hazard ratio (HR) 3.37, 95% CI 2.44-4.67) and ischaemic stroke (HR = 3.47, 95% CI 2.23-5.39) after adjusting for demographic data and medical comorbidities. Sensitivity tests showed consistent findings (any stroke HR = 3.02, 95% CI 2.13-4.28; ischaemic stroke HR = 2.89, 95% CI 1.79-4.66) after excluding the first year of observation. Conclusions Individuals with PTSD have an increased risk of developing any stroke and ischaemic stroke. Further studies are required to investigate the underlying mechanisms.

PMID: 25698764 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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Effect of Home Exercise Program in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

February 20, 2015

Effect of Home Exercise Program in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2015 Feb 18; Authors: Anwer S, Alghadir A, Brismée JM Abstract BACKGROUND:: The Osteoarthritis Research Society International recommended that nonpharmacological methods include patient education programs, weight reduction, coping strategies, and exercise programs for the management of […]

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Engagement in Mindfulness Practices by U.S. Adults: Sociodemographic Barriers.

February 17, 2015

Engagement in Mindfulness Practices by U.S. Adults: Sociodemographic Barriers. J Altern Complement Med. 2015 Feb;21(2):100-102 Authors: Olano HA, Kachan D, Tannenbaum SL, Mehta A, Annane D, Lee DJ Abstract Objective: To examine the effect of sociodemographic factors on mindfulness practices. Methods: National Health Interview Survey Alternative Medicine Supplement data were used to examine sociodemographic predictors […]

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The Effect of Tai Chi Training on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

February 17, 2015

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Detection of de novo secondary trisomy 13 due to isochromosome (13q;13q) of paternal origin in a pregnancy with fetal cystic hygroma.

February 17, 2015

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Year of Sheep Qigong & Daoist Retreat

February 16, 2015

Contact Name Michael Rinaldini Contact Email lichangdao@gmail.com Contact Phone 707 829-1855 Event Title Year of Sheep Qigong & Daoist Retreat Event Location Cazadero, north of San Francisco. Event Date 04/30/2015 Start Time 03:00 pm End Time 02:00 pm Web site with event info www.qigongdragon.com Brief Event Description Annual qigong and Daoist retreat at secluded retreat […]

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Protected: QiTalks: Roger Jahnke – Training, Practice, Certification and Teaching – A full Spectrum View of the Qigong and Tai Chi World

February 15, 2015

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Trends in the Use of Complementary Health Approaches Among Adults: United States, 2002-2012.

February 12, 2015

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Use of Complementary Health Approaches Among Children Aged 4-17 Years in the United States: National Health Interview Survey, 2007-2012.

February 12, 2015

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A cost-benefit analysis of three older adult fall prevention interventions.

February 12, 2015

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Ireland, Qi Gong and herbs

February 10, 2015

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Effect of Tai Chi on mononuclear cell functions in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

February 7, 2015

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A Meta-Analysis on the Efficacy of Tai Chi in Patients with Parkinson's Disease between 2008 and 2014.

February 5, 2015

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A novel comparative effectiveness study of Tai Chi versus aerobic exercise for fibromyalgia: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

January 31, 2015

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